In this article, we are going to show you how to count the number of cells that is less than the average of that data set in Excel.

## Formula

<numbers range>: The reference from the range of numbers

## How it works

The formula relies on using the **COUNTIFS **and **AVERAGE **formulas. The **COUNTIFS** function can count cells that meet the given criteria. We can use a less than operator “<” (or any other operator) with the **AVERAGE **function as the criterion. Thus, there are two steps for counting the number of cells less than the average:

- Calculate the average of numbers (
**AVERAGE**) - Count the numbers less than the average (
**COUNTIFS**)

**COUNTIF**function instead of

**COUNTIFS**.

A minor point to consider here is that you need to merge the less than operator with the **AVERAGE** formula as a string value “<”. Use ampersand “&” to merge.

Here is the formula for the range *B5:B12*:

## SUMPRODUCT Alternative

Now, let's look at an alternative approach to count the number of cells less than the average. For this method, we are going to be using **SUMPRODUCT**. The **SUMPRODUCT** function can evaluate arrays without dealing with array functions. With this, you can use the logical statement directly in the **SUMPRODUCT** function.

=SUMPRODUCT(N(B5:B12<AVERAGE(B5:B12)))

The *B5:B12<AVERAGE(B5:B12)* returns an array of Boolean values which indicate whether a value is less than the average. To convert the logical values into numbers (1 for *TRUE*, 0 for *FALSE*) you can use the unary operator “--" or **N** function.

Finally, the **SUMPRODUCT** function sums the 1 and 0 values to find the count the number of cells less than the average.

**SUMPRODUCT**alternative may not look easier to follow, but this approach has other advantages and also can help you better understand its capabilities.