This article shows how to find largest value in array using **LARGE** and **IF** functions in an *array formula*.

# Syntax

{=LARGE(IF(criteria range = criteria, data range reference), nth)}

# Steps

- Start with
**=LARGE(**function - Continue with
**IF(**to apply condition - Type the criteria range-criteria equation
**$E$3:$E$10=C$13,** - Select the range that contains the data range
**$H$3:$H$10)** - Type
**)**to close the**IF**function - Select cell that contains nth value or you can manually enter the value
**$B14** - Type
**)**to finish and complete the formula.

# How

The **LARGE** function returns the nth largest value in an array. We can modify the array by using the **IF** function that provides a logical test. In normal circumstances, logical test between a range and a value (or a cell that contains a value) returns a *#VALUE!* error.

$E$3:$E$10=C$13

To make this test work, the formula should be defined as an *array formula* and this can be done by pressing *Ctrl + Shift + Enter *keys instead of usual *Enter*. *Ctrl + Shift + Enter *combination "automatically" adds curly brackets around the formula. Please note that, you shouldn't type brackets manually. Once it is defined as an *array formula*, logical test will return an array of *TRUE/FALSE* values.

$E$3:$E$10=C$13 returns *{TRUE;FALSE;FALSE;TRUE;FALSE;TRUE;TRUE;TRUE}*

The IF function can then use the *TRUE/FALSE* values and return numerical values for *TRUE* items. There will still be *FALSE* items in the return array. The **LARGE** function ignores them and only evaluates the numbers.

IF($E$3:$E$10=C$13,$H$3:$H$10) returns *{48972;FALSE;FALSE;44000;FALSE;87633;80850;80784}*

Finally, the **LARGE** function will find largest value in array.

=LARGE(IF($E$3:$E$10=C$13,$H$3:$H$10),$B14)

Also see relevant articles how to find nth largest value in a data table, and how to find nth smallest value in a data table.