The LOWER function converts a text to lowercase. In this guide, we’re going to show you how to use the this function and also go over some tips and error handling methods.

Supported versions

  • All Excel versions




text The text you want converted into lowercase.


Example 1

formula returns "charizard" as text value.

LOWER Example 1

Example 2

=LOWER(Id&" - "&Name&" - "&Type)
formula returns "6 - charizard - fire, flying". The LOWER function can convert strings from references. It doesn't affect numbers, spaces, or punctuation.

LOWER Example 2

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  • Try UPPER function to convert strings into uppercase.
  • Try PROPER function to capitalize the first letter of each word in a text.